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  • PUBLICATIONS

    COMMUNITY Projects Projects Publications Publications Members PUBLICATIONS A non-exhaustive list of publications from ABM members related to their research and collaborations. If you have a publication to post, please email info@artbiomatters.org . Microbial fingerprints reveal interaction between museum objects, curators, and visitors Lukas M Simon [1], Cecilia Flocco [2], Franziska Burkart [2], Anika Methner [2], David Henke [3], Luise Rauer [4, 5 6], Christian L Müller [6], Johannes Vogel [7], Christiane Quaisser [7], Jörg Overmann 2, Stefan Simon [8] Microbial communities reside at the interface between humans and their environment. Whether the microbiome can be leveraged to gain information on human interaction with museum objects is unclear. To investigate this, we selected objects from the Museum für Naturkunde and the Pergamonmuseum in Berlin, Germany, varying in material and size. Using swabs, we collected 126 samples from natural and cultural heritage objects, which were analyzed through 16S rRNA sequencing. By comparing the microbial composition of touched and untouched objects, we identified a microbial signature associated with human skin microbes. Applying this signature to cultural heritage objects, we identified areas with varying degrees of exposure to human contact on the Ishtar gate and Sam'al gate lions. Furthermore, we differentiated objects touched by two different individuals. Our findings demonstrate that the microbiome of museum objects provides insights into the level of human contact, crucial for conservation, heritage science, and potentially provenance research. Explore The Inside (and Outside) Scoop: Scientific Analysis of Food Residues Inside the Jars from Old Edgefield, South Carolina Adriana Rizzo The exceptional and exciting occurrence of organic food residues inside large nineteenth century alkaline-glazed stoneware vessels from the Old Edgefield district, some also signed by enslaved potter and poet David Drake, has offered a unique opportunity to study those residues as anthropological evidence of the jars’ contents (e.g., preserved meat, fat, eggs, etc.), potentially offering information on the use of the jars and the lifestyle of the people that used them. Residues scraped from the jars’ surfaces were analyzed in the Department of Scientific Research of The Met to evaluate their composition, assess contaminations and clues to their condition (e.g., presence and extent of degradation products), all informing of the next process to further characterize the residue. Explore Cutting Through the Fat: Animal Species and Food Processing Techniques of Residues Found in Nineteenth-Century Edgefield Pottery Julie Arslanoglu As part of the exhibition, Hear Me Now: The Black Potters of Old Edgefield, South Carolina, The Met’s Department of Scientific Research (DSR) investigated organic food residues found inside large nineteenth-century alkaline-glazed stoneware vessels from the Old Edgefield District, South Carolina. “Examining Storage Jars from the American South” describes the driving questions about the jars’ use and the users’ lifestyle. Investigations reported in “The Inside (and Outside) Scoop: Scientific Analysis of Food Residues Inside the Jars from Old Edgefield, South Carolina” established that the heterogeneous residues are mostly oily materials with solid materials of various unknown origins. We hoped to gain more information about the jars’ contents from these residues, but to do so we need the sophisticated tools and expertise of our collaborators through ARCHE. Explore Hydrogen‑deuterium exchange mass spectrometry to study interactions and conformational changes of proteins in paints Francesca Galluzzi, Stéphane Chaignepain, Julie Arslanoglu, Caroline Tokarskia Little is known about structural alterations of proteins within the polymeric films of paints. For the first time, hydrogen‑deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) was implemented to explore the conformational alterations of proteins resulting from their interaction with inorganic pigments within the early stages of the paint film formation. Intact protein analysis and bottom-up electrospray-ionisation mass spectrometry strategies combined with progressively increasing deuterium incubation times were used to compare the protein structures of the model protein hen egg-white lysozyme (HEWL) extracted from newly dried non-pigmented films and newly dried films made from a freshly made mixture of HEWL with lead white pigment (2PbCO3 Pb(OH)2). The action of other pigments was also investigated, expanding the HDX study with a global approach to paint models of HEWL mixed with zinc white (ZnO), cinnabar (HgS) and red lead (Pb3O4) pigments. The results show structural modifications of HEWL induced by the interaction with the pigment metal ions during the paint formulation after drying and prior to ageing. Both the charge distribution of HEWL proteoforms, its oxidation rate and its deuterium absorption rate, were influenced by the pigment type, providing the first insights into the correlation of pigment type/metal cation to specific chemistries related to protein stability. Explore So you want to do biocodicology? A field guide to the biological analysis of parchment Sarah Fiddyment, Matthew D. Teasdale, Jiří Vnouček, Élodie Lévêque, Annelise Binois & Matthew J. Collins Biocodicology, the study of the biological information stored in manuscripts, ofers the possibility of interrogating manuscripts in novel ways. Exploring the biological data associated to parchment documents will add a deeper level of understanding and interpretation to these invaluable objects, revealing information about book production, livestock economies, handling, conservation and the historic use of the object. As biotechnological methods continue to improve we hope that biocodicology will become a highly relevant discipline in manuscript studies, contributing an additional perspective to the current scholarship. We hope that this review will act as a catalyst enabling further interactions between the heritage science community, manuscript scholars, curators and conservators. Explore

  • GLOSSARIES + DATABASES

    RESOURCES Glossaries + Databases Glossaries + Databases Reference Materials Reference Materials Scientific Resources Scientific Resources Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Journals + Publications Journals + Publications Coming Soon Explore glossaries and literature databases related to art, cultural history, scientific analysis, and art conservation. GLOSSARIES + DATABASES AATA Art and Archaeology Technical Abstracts (AATA): research database containing abstracts of literature related to the preservation and conservation of material cultural heritage. Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures ABM 2018 Glossary Art Bio Matters (ABM) 2018 Glossary: a short glossary of scientific analysis terms from the 2018 ABM conference. Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures AIC Wiki American Institute for Conservation (AIC) Wiki: compendia of working knowledge on materials and techniques used to preserve and treat works of art and historic artifacts, preventive care, research and analysis, work practices, and education. Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures AICCM Visual Glossary Australian Institute for the Conservation of Cultural Material (AICCM) Visual Glossary: identify damage and deterioration by comparing it to glossary image and description. Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures BCIN Bibliographic Database of the Conservation Information Network (BCIN): bibliographic resource for the conservation, preservation and restoration of cultural property. Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures BHA/RILA Bibliography of the History of Art (BHA) / Répertoire international de la littérature de l'art (RILA): European and American visual arts material including articles from over 1,200 journals. Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures CAMEO Conservation and Art Materials Encyclopedia Online (CAMEO): a database that compiles, defines, and disseminates technical information on the distinct collection of terms, materials, and techniques used in the fields of art conservation and historic preservation. Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures CCI Notes Canadian Conservation Institute (CCI) Notes: practical advice about issues and questions related to the care, handling and storage of cultural objects. Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Getty Research Portal Getty Research Portal: multilingual and multicultural art historical text catalog of complete digital copies of publications devoted to art, architecture, material culture, and related fields. Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Getty Vocabularies Getty Vocabularies: structured terminology for art, architecture, decorative arts, archival materials, visual surrogates, art conservation, and bibliographic materials. Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History: the story of art and global culture through The Met collection. Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures MoMA Learning Glossary of Art Terms MoMA Learning Glossary of Art Terms: glossary explaining techniques, mediums, art movements, and other terms in the MoMA collection. Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures NGA Glossary of Instrumental Methods National Gallery of Art (NGA) Glossary of Instrumental Methods: glossary of chromatography, spectroscopy, and microscopy analytical techniques. Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Painting Conservation Glossary Of Terms Smithsonian: Museum Conservation Institute Painting Conservation Glossary of Terms Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures

  • SCIENTIFIC RESOURCES

    RESOURCES Glossaries + Databases Glossaries + Databases Reference Materials Reference Materials Scientific Resources Scientific Resources Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Journals + Publications Journals + Publications Coming Soon Explore institutions that have the ability to carry out analysis of cultural heritage materials. This list is not exhaustive, but it is intended as a reference for current organizations with scientific instrumentation. SCIENTIFIC RESOURCES American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Canadian Conservation Institute ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Getty Conservation Institute (GCI) ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Harvard Art Museums, Straus Center for Conservation and Technical Studies ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Indianapolis Museum of Art at Newfields ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Leibniz Institute DSMZ-German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Library of Congress, Preservation Research Testing Division ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA) ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Metropolitan Museum of Art ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Museum of Fine Arts, Boston ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Museum of Fine Arts, Houston ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures National Museum of Asian Art, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Philadelphia Museum of Art ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Rathgen-Forschungslabor (Rathgen Research Laboratory), Staatliche Museen zu Berlin (Berlin State Museum) ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Smithsonian Institution (SI) Museum Conservation Institute (MCI) ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures The Art Institute of Chicago ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures The National Gallery, London, UK ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Winterthur Museum, Garden, & Library ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Yale University, Institute for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures

  • PROJECTS

    COMMUNITY Projects Projects Publications Publications Members PROJECTS Find collaborators. Share your ongoing work related to art, cultural history, scientific analysis, and art conservation. If you have a project to post, please email info@artbiomatters.org . Provenance determination of archaeological ochre by 16S rRNA sequencing microbial composition Rachel S. Popelka-Filcoff [1], Claire E. Lenehan [2], Shanan S. Tobe [3] Data from 16S rRNA sequencing studies provide profiles of ochre sources that are both independent of and complementary to elemental and mineralogical analyses. We have demonstrated the clear discrimination between four geographically and mineralogically distinct Australian cultural ochre sites. This work demonstrates that trace microbial content in archaeological samples provide a yet unexploited source of information for provenance studies and outlines the possibilities towards the application to other culturally important geological materials. Explore Non-proximate Ambient Mass Spectrometry Sampling of Large, Intact Cultural Heritage Objects G. Asher Newsome [1], Kathleen Martin [2] Ambient mass spectrometry ion sources can sample from an intact object at atmospheric pressure, but they require the analyte to be close to an MS inlet and therefore cannot accommodate large objects. We constructed a non-proximate sampling system to thermally desorb analyte molecules from large, intact objects using a heated gas jet. Material is transferred 2 m to a custom-mounted direct analysis in real time (DART) ion source. Explore Decolonizing Crocodylian Collections: Developing a model system for bridging indigenous and Eurocentric perspectives on culturally and economically important species in museum holdings Evon Hekkala The project focuses on using archival research on cultural heritage collections containing crocodiles as a model to resurface and to integrate Indigenous historical archival narratives and to re-attribute knowledge from source and descendent communities. Explore Human bone points from Mesolithic Doggerland Joannes Dekker [1]; Virginie Sinet-Mathiot [2]; Merel Spithoven [3]; Bjorn Smit [4]; Arndt Wilcke [5]; Frido Welker [6,2]; Alexander Verpoorte [1]; and Marie Soressi [1,2] Raw material selection is the first step of an object’s use life and provides us valuable information on an artefact’s place in the larger toolkit. However, the species of osseous artefacts is often difficult to identify. By applying ZooMS we found evidence for the selection of human bone for the production of Mesolithic barbed points from Doggerland and hypothesise that this represents a deliberate and meaningful choice by the Mesolithic inhabitants of Doggerland. Explore Overlooked Organics in Decorative Arts: Cataloguing Winterthur’s Hard Matrices and Collagen-Based Organics Rosie Grayburn, Lara Kaplan, Katie Lagarde, Catherine Matsen, and Ann Wagner Winterthur Museum, Garden & Library was awarded an NEH grant to catalogue “overlooked organic” objects in the collection through physical identification and analytical research. This project focuses on cataloguing a group of objects with a high standard of accuracy, acquiring information through visual and scientific analysis, research, and expert consultation. The work is a collaboration between curatorial, conservation, and scientific staff to understand findings within the craft context for each object. Explore Beasts to Craft: Biocodicology as a new approach to the study of parchment manuscripts ​ ​ Explore

  • JOURNALS + PUBLICATIONS

    RESOURCES Glossaries + Databases Glossaries + Databases Reference Materials Reference Materials Scientific Resources Scientific Resources Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Journals + Publications Journals + Publications Coming Soon Explore academic publications from adjoining fields of study. JOURNALS + PUBLICATIONS American Journal of Material Science ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Heritage Science ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures History of the Human Sciences ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures International Journal of Advanced and Multidisciplinary Social Science ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures International Journal of the Arts ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Journal of Interdisciplinary History ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Journal of the American Institute for Conservation ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ​ Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures

  • REFERENCE MATERIALS

    RESOURCES Glossaries + Databases Glossaries + Databases Reference Materials Reference Materials Scientific Resources Scientific Resources Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Journals + Publications Journals + Publications Coming Soon Explore reference collections and databases of materials and samples assembled by cultural institutions. REFERENCE MATERIALS Asian Textile Database Asian Textile Database: inventory of textiles used to mount East Asian paintings and calligraphy scrolls and screens at the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Asian Art, in Washington, DC. Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures CSR reference collection National Museum of Asian Art CSR reference collection: more than 3,000 samples from a variety of sources available for comparison and analysis. Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Dye Analysis Database Dye Analysis Database: analyses of reference dye materials and analyses of samples from cultural artifacts that have been carried out by liquid chromatography, generally coupled with diode array and mass spectrometer detectors (LC/DAD/MS) Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures FRIL Fiber Reference Image Library (FRIL): a database of images of textile fibers acquired through the use of multiple microscopic techniques. Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Forbes Pigment Database Forbes Pigment Database: 3000 colorants assembled by the late Edward Waldo Forbes, former Director of the Fogg Art Museum at Harvard University. Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures GCI Reference Collection Getty Conservation Institute (GCI) Reference Collection: repository of reference materials for use in the analysis of art objects. Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures NGA Art Materials Research and Study Center National Gallery of Art (NGA) Art Materials Research and Study Center: artists' materials, technical information, and trade literature, including more than 18,000 of samples, including a variety of paints, varnishes, and drawing materials. Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures NGA Paper Sample Collection National Gallery of Art (NGA) Paper Sample Collection: collection of documented samples, identified by the manufacturer or distributor, and covers mostly fine- and student-grade artists’ papers available in the United States. Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Uemura Dye Archive Uemura Dye Archive: collection of 744 dyed fabrics prepared in early 20th century Japan. Explore Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures

  • VIDEOS + LECTURES

    RESOURCES Glossaries + Databases Glossaries + Databases Reference Materials Reference Materials Scientific Resources Scientific Resources Videos + Lectures Videos + Lectures Journals + Publications Journals + Publications Coming Soon Explore instructional videos and presentations created by our ABM members. If you have a video or slide deck to share, please email info@artbiomatters.org . VIDEOS + LECTURES

  • Paint Binders

    Composition Conservation Historical Use Case Studies Paint Binders A binder is a substance that adheres the paint's pigment particles to the surface of the support (canvas, wood). Historically, proteins such as milk, egg, and animal glue served as the original binder. Previous Next Back to Materials Coming Soon We need you to develop new content for the ABM website. Please email info@artbiomatters.org or message in Slack if you are interested in building the ABM website.

  • Hwai-ling Yeh-Lewis

    Hwai-ling Yeh-Lewis Senior Collections Manager Asian Art The Metropolitan Museum of Art Previous Next New York, NY, USA MEMBER INFORMATION Participant 2021, 2023 Hwai-ling Yeh-Lewis oversees the storage and care of over 37,000 works in the Asian Art collection. This includes all administration procedures related to acquisitions, incoming and outgoing loans, the collection database, exhibitions, and collection inventory. She also manages internal and external requests for access to the collections, and works with the collections team to facilitate gallery installations and implement the highest standards for collection care. She received her MS in education from Indiana University. ​ ​ All members

  • Pigments / Dyes

    Composition Conservation Historical Use Case Studies Pigments / Dyes Dyes are substances used to impart color to textiles, paper, leather, and other materials such that the coloring is not readily altered by washing, heat, light, or other factors to which the material is likely to be exposed. Pigments, on the other hand, are finely ground solids dispersed in a liquid, such as paint or ink, or blended with other materials. Most dyes are organic compounds, whereas pigments may be inorganic compounds or organic compounds. Previous Next Back to Materials Coming Soon We need you to develop new content for the ABM website. Please email info@artbiomatters.org or message in Slack if you are interested in building the ABM website.

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